OUR MEMORIES
Jardine men and horses


 

 

All The King’s Men; All The King’s Horses

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Jardine, Ewo, John Peel are different names under the same family tree,
All of them have been involved and influential in the racing history of Hong Kong and even of China.
Almost continuously throughout the history of Hong Kong racing there has been a Jardine man among the Stewards of HKJC.

 

 

BACKGROUND

 

1842, Jardine Matheson & Co shifted to use “Ewo” as their Chinese name.
1845, Jardine brothers was recorded in a letter about planning to race in Hong Kong.
1854, John Peel, passed away, as an English huntsman with a legend in a song.

 

 

HIGHLIGHTS

 

1845
In November, David Jardine in Canton wrote to his brother Andrew in Scotland, planning to race their horse ST. ANDREW in Hong Kong.

 

1850
Mr Robert Jardine broke his leg during the race for Celestial Cup in Happy Valley.
Their horse ST. ANDREW (Mr. Armstrong, 95th Regiment) won the Canton Cup.

 

1855
Promising newcomers from Jardines appeared, young Mr Magniac, scion of one of the founders of Jardine & Co.
Another contemporary owner-rider who scored some spectacular successes was Mr Mackenzie.
From the fact that he piloted many Jardine entrants it seems that he too belonged to the old firm.
He was apparently a Shanghai racing man who came down Hong Kong regularly.

 

1856
Among the great horses of these years was CHEERFUL, owned by one of the Jardine men, either Grant Dallas or Coll McLean, or possibly by each in succession, and who had a fine record of wins.

 

1864
From the beginning, Jardine, Matheson & Co. provided a continuous succession of competent gentlemen jockeys.
Of the three brothers, David, Joseph and Robert Jardine, the last-named (afterwards Sir Robert) was apparently the best.

 

1872
Ewo Lung.was found in Invoices of the Hong Kong Office Jardine Matheson Archive.

 

1874
The Jardine partners used the racing name “John Peel”;
Mr E. Pye had a considerable stable. He, too, could have been an Ewo man.

 

1875
A titled rider appeared, the Viscount D’Arnaux, riding for Mr Pye, believed to have been a Jardine man.
He was second on PANTAGRUEL in the Derby.

 

1876
The first Derby to go to a Jardine stable was perhaps that won by “Mr St. Andrew’s” WHITE FRIAR.
Viscount D’Arnaux piloted SCAMP to win won the Champions Stakes.

 

1877
The Jardine stable in fine form, particularly during the taipanship of John Bell-Irving, who was a keen and experienced racing man.

 

1879
Chefoo Racing Club appealed for help from Shanghai and Tientsin.
There were no races in Chefoo for two years. There were simply not enough racing ponies.
This was immediately given, and combined with local people’s determination to enter, a highly successful meeting was held. William Keswick, taipan of Jardines, sent LALMAHAL.

 

1881
The Ewo Steam Silk Filature, Shanghai, was owned by Jardine, Matheson & Co. in December.

 

1882
“Mr St. Andrew” was still racing.

 

1884
Of all the riders at the Valley the most forceful was Mr T. F. Hough. From Marlborough he enlisted in the 8th Hussars and became Riding Master. He served in India, and from there came out to Shanghai to take a job with Jardine, Matheson & Co.
Paul Chater had 9 wins in 3 days, the Jardine stable 7 wins between them.

 

1885
The racing name of “John Peel” was adopted permanently. The stable won innumerable races.
CONQUEROR won the Champions for the first time; then for three more years in succession the big race was a John Peel triumph.
Jardine Matheson personnel were always prominent in racing events, the Ewo Cup — the company’s Chinese name
— being a feature of the races at several places, with Jardine men themselves racing for it.

 

1886
The owners of the Jardine stable in Shanghai sold the premises to David Sassoon as part of a larger land deal.
CONQUEROR won the Champions again.

 

1897
Of the more recent heads of Jardines’ who donned silk in Hong Kong a name recurrent for some years is that of Mr W. J. Gresson.
He had a very successful racing career in Shanghai and other northern ports prior to riding in Hong Kong.

 

1900
The family names flow smoothly through the scene both in China and Hongkong races:
Dallas, Maitland, Forbes, Burkill, Liddell, Marshall, Soares, Sassoon, Arnhold, Ostroumoff, Moller….
The teams such as brother, father and son or couple, uncle and nephew as the case may be.
First there were the Jardines themselves, then all the descendants of Jean Jardine bearing other surnames but forming a family succession:
Johnstone, Keswick, Bell-Irving, Paterson, Gresson, Landale….
They left racing legend which only a few racing families could rival later.

 

1904
Mr John Johnstone of Jardines’, who made his name first in Shanghai, came down to ride here at the Annual Meeting.
For his own mounts, he added to the Ewo colours silver buttons and a cerise cap.

 

1911
November, John Johnstone, riding for F.B. Marshall, who was a Steward, won four races for him in succession.
WILLOW TREE, PERSIMMON TREE, CYPRESS TREE, and CHERRY TREE won the Criterion Stakes, the Fah Wah Stakes, the St. Leger, and the Autumn Cup respectively.
As if this was not enough, John Johnstone went on to win the Eclipse Stakes on the Ewo (Jardine) pony, DRUMLITHIE.

 

1912
Mr Percy Tester came to Hong Kong, and joined Jardine, Matheson’s insurance department.

 

1913
New Steward came the Hon. Mr C. H. Ross of Jardines.

 

1915
Mr A. J. P. jong , “Johnny” to all his friends, made what seems to have been his first appearance on the Hong Kong course, when he rode for John Peel.
Later he settled permanently in Hong Kong, being a member of Jardines’ staff.

 

1916
Newcomer to managing HKJC was Mr B. D. F. Beith, of Jardines, who became a Steward.

 

1917
Other new Steward was Mr C. E. Anton of Jardines.

 

1919
Tam Pearce in association at first with Mr Charles Keswick, of Jardines, he owned the successful Dynasty stable and became HKJC Chairman later.

 

1920
Leo Frost came to the Far East to join Jardine Matheson.
He first made his mark in the Tientsin races, later was named as the great jockey of great jockeys in Hong kong.

 

1923
Feburary, The club in Kiang Wan, Shanghai was opened by the chairman and John Johnstone, head of Jardine Matheson.

 

1924
One of the working Stewards for the Club’s fortieth year was Mr. D. G. M. Bernard (of Jardines).

 

1925-1926
LOCAL OPTION took the Champions twice.
Ewo men also individually won the Derby and Champions.

 

1929
Ewo Handicap”, unofficial, graced the programmes at the Extra Meetings. The riders were all of the Ewo personnel; but sometimes champion jockeys were quite formidably mounted on borrowed steeds.

 

1929-11-30 comes the first discoverable record of the Ewo Handicap—an unofficial race for members of Jardines’ staff.

 

1930
Leo Frost was posted to the head office of Jardines in Hongkong, and from then he reigned supreme at Happy Valley as champion jockey, indeed as champion of champions.

 

1931
John Peel ponies had been run till this year.
Their brief results of previous years ceased appearing in the race book, had won seven Derbies and 11 Champions Stakes.

 

1937
One of the New Stewards, Mr. F. C. Hall, was a Jardines representative.
But Leo Frost was appointed manager of JardinesCanton office, he left Hong Kong and the races.

 

1941.
Mr W. E. L. Shenton of Deacons (later the Hon. Sir William) raced in partnership with Mr F. C. Hall of Jardine’s.

 

1942
The Hong Kong Race Club created itself by the Japanese to succeed the Hong Kong Jockey Club
—but the Jockey Club lived on regardless.
1942-02-09 a meeting of the surviving Stewards was held in the internment camp at Stanley.
Mr Percy Tester was in the chair.

 

1945
Mr Tester as the senior surviving Steward became acting Chairman and with his team set about restoration of the Club and the Racecourse, and resumption of racing.
1945-11-17 a general meeting was held of all persons who were members of the Club on December 25, 1941.
Mr Tester presided and there was a good attendance.

 

1948
The same Stewards served through — except that Mr D. F. Landale, of Jardine, Matheson & Co., son of an old pillar of the Club, acted temporarily as a locum.

 

1950
The Club suffered a saddening loss, on 1950-04-23, Mr Percy Tester passed away, aged 70.

 

1953
Three eminent men became Stewards, one of them was the Hon. John Keswick, C.M.G. (new head of Jardines).

 

1956
Mr H. D. M. Barton, M.B.E., new head of Mr. Jardine, Matheson & Co., became a Steward in the place of the Hon. John Keswick.

 

Many Stewards with Jardine background were elected afterwards in different era.

 

 

SUMMARY

 

The Jardine legends in Hong Kong keep going in the stewardship and the trophy race.
The omnipresent Jardine members still run an Ewo Cup.
That used to be held for Jardine personnel only, enjoyable for those who raced, a hazard for those who did not, because all Jardine men were expected to enter for the race.
Those who did not own a racing pony had to borrow one, and the last rider in received a wooden spoon with a bowl large enough to hold a pint of whisky.
Hong Kong racing has been in the era of profession but the English schoolboy tradition dies hard.

 

An old joke ran:
“Power in Hong Kong resides in the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club; Jardine, Matheson & Co; the Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corporation; and the Governor – in that order.

 

 

REFERENCE

 

Pantagruel, son of the two fictional giants in adventures, was stigmatized as obscene in a social climate of increasing religious oppression. The novel was treated with suspicion, and contemporaries avoided mentioning it.
The original book is a single novel consisting of five volumes, they were published from 1532 to 1564.

 

The Lal Mahal (Red Palace) is one of the most famous monuments located in Pune, India.

 

Drumlithie is a village in the northeast of Scotland. The name Drumlithie is thought to be derived from the old meaning of a Drum, being the ridge of a slope or hillside, and Lithie could possibly mean “Grey Place”.

 

 

EXTERNAL LINK

 

Jardines – 《RacingMemories.HK》
Jardine Stables – 《RacingMemories.HK》
Dents – 《RacingMemories.HK》
1867-02-20 Challenge Cup – 《RacingMemories.HK》

 

 

Acknowledgement to HKJC Racing Registry for offering record data.

 

 

 


 

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